Configuring Advanced Settings for a WLAN SSID Profile
Configuring the advanced settings is part of creating the WLAN Wireless Local Area Network. WLAN is a 802.11 standards-based LAN that the users access through a wireless connection. SSID Service Set Identifier. SSID is a name given to a WLAN and is used by the client to access a WLAN network. profile either in Bridge mode or Mixed and Tunnel mode.
To configure the Advanced Settings under the General tab:
- In the Aruba Central app, set the filter to a group that contains at least one AP.
The dashboard context for the group is displayed.
- Under , go to .
- Click the
The second-level tabs to configure APs are displayed.
- Go to the
The Wireless SSIDs table is displayed listing the existing SSID profiles.
- To create a new SSID profile, click
The Create a New Network page is displayed for creating a new SSID. The Networks page is displayed for editing an existing SSID.
. To edit an existing SSID profile, click the row, and then click the edit icon.
Select any of the following values:
- DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A network protocol that enables a server to automatically assign an IP address to an IP-enabled device from a defined range of numbers configured for a given network. and ARP Address Resolution Protocol. ARP is used for mapping IP network address to the hardware MAC address of a device. , IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol. Communications protocol used by hosts and adjacent routers on IP networks to establish multicast group memberships. group queries, and IPv6 neighbor discovery protocols. —The AP drops all broadcast and multicast frames except
- —The AP drops broadcast and multicast frames except DHCP and ARP, IGMP group queries, and IPv6 neighbor discovery protocols. Additionally, it converts ARP requests to unicast and sends frames directly to the associated clients. By default, the AP is configured to ARP mode.
- —This option enables AP to convert ARP requests to unicast frames thereby sending them to the associated clients.
- —The AP forwards all the broadcast and multicast traffic is forwarded to the wireless interfaces.
The DTIM Delivery Traffic Indication Message. DTIM is a kind of traffic indication map. A DTIM interval determines when the APs must deliver broadcast and multicast frames to their associated clients in power save mode. period in beacons, which can be configured for every WLAN SSID profile. The DTIM interval determines how often the AP delivers the buffered broadcast and multicast frames to the associated clients in the power save mode. Range is 1 to 10 beacons.indicates the
The default value is 1, which means the client checks for buffered data on the AP at every beacon. You can also configure a higher DTIM value for power saving.
Turn on the toggle switch to allow the AP to select the optimal rate for sending broadcast and multicast frames based on the lowest of unicast rates across all associated clients. When this option is enabled, multicast traffic can be sent up to a rate of 24 Mbps.
The default rate for sending frames for 2.4 GHz Gigahertz. is 1 Mbps, and that for 5 GHz is 6 Mbps. This option is disabled by default.
Turn on the toggle switch to allow AP to convert multicast streams into unicast streams over the wireless link. Enabling DMO Dynamic Multicast Optimization. DMO is a process of converting multicast streams into unicast streams over a wireless link to enhance the quality and reliability of streaming videos, while preserving the bandwidth available to non-video clients. enhances the quality and reliability of streaming video, while preserving the bandwidth available to the non-video clients.
When you enable DMO on multicast SSID profiles, ensure that the DMO feature is enabled on all SSIDs configured in the same VLAN Virtual Local Area Network. In computer networking, a single Layer 2 network may be partitioned to create multiple distinct broadcast domains, which are mutually isolated so that packets can only pass between them through one or more routers; such a domain is referred to as a Virtual Local Area Network, Virtual LAN, or VLAN..
Specify a value to set a threshold for DMO channel utilization. With DMO, the AP converts multicast streams into unicast streams as long as the channel utilization does not exceed this threshold. The default value is 90% and the maximum threshold value is 100%. When the threshold is reached or exceeds the maximum value, the AP sends multicast traffic over the wireless link.
This option will be enabled only when is enabled.
DMO Client Threshold
Specify a value between 2 and 255 to set the DMO client threshold.
If the 2.4 GHz band Band refers to a specified range of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation. is configured on the AP, specify the minimum and maximum transmission rates. The default value for minimum transmission rate is 1 Mbps and maximum transmission rate is 54 Mbps.
If the 5 GHz band is configured on the AP, specify the minimum and maximum transmission rates. The default value for minimum transmission rate is 6 Mbps and maximum transmission rate is 54 Mbps.
If the 2.4 GHz band is configured on an AP, specify the transmission rates from the 2.4 GHz drop-down list. By default, the transmission rate is set as 1 Mbps. The minimum transmission rate supported is 1 Mbps, and the maximum transmission rate supported is 54 Mbps.
If the 5 GHz band is configured on an AP, specify the transmission rates from the 5 GHz drop-down list. By default, the transmission rate is set to 6 Mbps. The minimum transmission rate supported is 6 Mbps, and the maximum transmission rate supported is 54 Mbps.
Turn on the toggle switch to specify an aggregate amount of airtime that all clients in this network can use for sending and receiving data. Specify the airtime percentage.
Enter the downstream rates within a range of 1 to 65,535 Kbps for the SSID users. If the assignment is specific for each user, select thecheck box.
The bandwidth limit set in this method is implemented at the device level and not cluster level.
Enter the upstream rates within a range of 1 to 65,535 Kbps for the SSID users. If the assignment is specific for each user, select the Per user check box.
The bandwidth limit set in this method is implemented at the device level and not cluster level.
Turn on the toggle switch to specify an aggregate amount of throughput that each radio is allowed to provide for the connected clients. The value ranges from 1 through 65535.
When this toggle switch is turned on, there is no disabling of High-Throughput (HT High Throughput. IEEE 802.11n is an HT WLAN standard that aims to achieve physical data rates of close to 600 Mbps on the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands.) on 802.11n 802.11n is a wireless networking standard to improve network throughput over the two previous standards, 802.11a and 802.11g. With 802.11n, there will be a significant increase in the maximum raw data rate from 54 Mbps to 600 Mbps with the use of four spatial streams at a channel width of 40 MHz. devices for the 5 GHz radio band. If HT is enabled for the 5 GHz radio profile on an AP, it is automatically enabled for all SSIDs configured on an AP. By default, HT is enabled on all SSIDs.
If you want the 802.11ac 802.11ac is a wireless networking standard in the 802.11 family that provides high-throughput WLANs on the 5 GHz band. APs to function as 802.11n APs, clear this check box to disable VHT Very High Throughput. IEEE 802.11ac is an emerging VHT WLAN standard that could achieve physical data rates of close to 7 Gbps for the 5 GHz band. on these devices.
When this toggle switch is turned on, VHT is enabled on the 802.11ac devices for the 5 GHz radio band. If VHT is enabled for the 5 GHz radio profile on an AP, it is automatically enabled for all SSIDs configured on an AP. By default, VHT is enabled on all SSIDs.
If you want the 802.11ac APs to function as 802.11n APs, clear this check box to disable VHT on these devices.
When this toggle switch is turned on, VHT is enabled on the 802.11ax devices. If VHT is enabled for a radio profile on an AP, it is automatically enabled for all SSIDs configured on an AP. By default, VHT is enabled on all SSIDs.
Allocates bandwidth for background traffic such as file downloads or print jobs. Specify the appropriate DSCP Differentiated Services Code Point. DSCP is a 6-bit packet header value used for traffic classification and priority assignment. mapping values within a range of 0–63 for the background traffic in the corresponding DSCP mapping text-box. Enter up to 8 values with no white space and no duplicate single DSCP mapping value.
Allocates bandwidth or best effort traffic such as traffic from legacy devices or traffic from applications or devices that do not support QoS Quality of Service. It refers to the capability of a network to provide better service and performance to a specific network traffic over various technologies.. Specify the appropriate DSCP mapping values within a range of 0–63 for the best effort traffic in the corresponding DSCP mapping text-box.
Allocates bandwidth for video traffic generated from video streaming. Specify the appropriate DSCP mapping values within a range of 0–63 for the video traffic in the corresponding DSCP mapping text-box.
Allocates bandwidth for voice traffic generated from the incoming and outgoing voice communication. Specify the appropriate DSCP mapping values within a range of 0–63 for the voice traffic in the corresponding DSCP mapping text-box.
In a non-WMM Wi-Fi Multimedia. WMM is also known as WME. It refers to a Wi-Fi Alliance interoperability certification, based on the IEEE 802.11e standard. It provides basic QoS features to IEEE 802.11 networks. WMM prioritizes traffic according to four ACs: voice (AC_VO), video (AC_VI), best effort (AC_BE), and background (AC_BK). or hybrid environment, where some clients are not WMM-capable, you can allocate higher values for share and to allocate a higher bandwidth to clients transmitting best effort and voice traffic.
Turn on the toggle switch to set if you want the TSPEC Traffic Specification. TSPEC allows an 802.11e client or a QoS-capable wireless client to signal its traffic requirements to the AP. for the wireless network. The term TSPEC is used in wireless networks supporting the IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 802.11e 802.11e is an enhancement to the 802.11a and 802.11b specifications that enhances the 802.11 Media Access Control layer with a coordinated Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) construct. It adds error-correcting mechanisms for delay-sensitive applications such as voice and video. The 802.11e specification provides seamless interoperability between business, home, and public environments such as airports and hotels, and offers all subscribers high-speed Internet access with full-motion video, high-fidelity audio, and VoIP. Quality of Service standard. It defines a series of parameters, characteristics and Quality of Service expectations of a traffic flow.
Enter the bandwidth for the TSPEC.
Turn on the toggle switch to opt for SVP SpectraLink Voice Priority. SVP is an open, straightforward QoS approach that has been adopted by most leading vendors of WLAN APs. SVP favors isochronous voice packets over asynchronous data packets when contending for the wireless medium and when transmitting packets onto the wired LAN. protocol.
Turn on the toggle switch to enable WiFi Multimedia Power Save (U-APSD Unscheduled Automatic Power Save Delivery. U-APSD is a part of 802.11e and helps considerably in increasing the battery life of VoWLAN terminals.). The U-APSD is a power saving mechanism that is an optional part of the IEEE amendment 802.11e, QoS.
Specify the identifier that serves as an identification and address for the device to connect to a wireless router which can then access the internet. If the ESSID Extended Service Set Identifier. ESSID refers to the ID used for identifying an extended service set. value defined is not the same as the profile name, the SSID can be searched based on the ESSID value and not by its profile name.
Select a check box to specify the band at which the network transmits radio signals in the. You can set the band to , , or all.
The 6 GHz band is only supported for devices with 6 GHz capability.
Turn on the toggle switch to stop the SSID from broadcasting on 6 GHz radio when mesh is enabled on the 6 GHz radio.
The 6 GHz Mesh is only supported for devices with 6 GHz capability.
Specify an interval for session timeout. If a client session is inactive for the specified duration, the session expires and the users are required to log in again. You can specify a value within the range of 60–3600 seconds. The default value is 1000 seconds.
Turn on the toggle switch if you do not want the SSID to be visible to users.
Specify the maximum number of clients that can be configured for each BSSID Basic Service Set Identifier. The BSSID identifies a particular BSS within an area. In infrastructure BSS networks, the BSSID is the MAC address of the AP. In independent BSS or ad hoc networks, the BSSID is generated randomly. on a WLAN. You can specify a value within the range of 0–1024. The default value is max.
Specify max, MAX, or 1024 in the Max clients threshold text-box to set the threshold to maximum number of clients.
Select automatic or manual to set the Local Probe Request Threshold.
Automatic: If you select automatic, the local probe request threshold value changes to the recommended value from the AI Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. AI reduces trouble tickets by identifying the network entity that is facing problems through event correlation and root cause analysis. insight to improve the performance for the indoor Wi-Fi Wi-Fi is a technology that allows electronic devices to connect to a WLAN network, mainly using the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz radio bands. Wi-Fi can apply to products that use any 802.11 standard. clients.Threshold values are evaluated weekly, and new recommendations will be updated automatically. To revert the applied AI insight recommended values, select manual and specify the threshold value.
Manual: Specify a threshold value to limit the number of incoming probe requests. When a client sends a broadcast probe request frame to search for all available SSIDs, this option controls system response for this network profile and ignores probe requests if required.
Select automatic or manual to set the minimum SNR for an authentication request.
Automatic: If you select automatic, the minimum SNR for authentication request value changes to the recommended value from the AI insight to improve the performance for the indoor Wi-Fi clients. Threshold values are evaluated weekly, and new recommendations are updated automatically. To revert the applied AI insight recommended values, select manual and specify the threshold value.
Manual: Enter the minimum SNR threshold for authentication requests. You can specify an SNR value within the 0–100 dB Decibel. Unit of measure for sound or noise and is the difference or ratio between two signal levels. range.
Select this option to allow the AP to send a de-authentication frame to the inactive client and the clear client entry.
Select this check box if you do not want the SSID profile to use the uplink.
Disable the SSID based on the following OOS states of the AP:
- Uplink down
The network turns out of service when the selected event occurs and the SSID is disabled according to the configuration settings applied. For example, if you select theoption from the drop-down list , the SSID is disabled when the uplink is down and is enabled when the uplink is restored.
Configure a hold time interval in seconds.
Range: Range of 30–300 seconds, after which the out-of-service operation is triggered. For example, if the uplink is down and the configured hold time is 45 seconds, the effect of this out-of-service state impacts the SSID availability after 45 seconds.
Turn on the toggle switch to disable intra VLAN traffic. It enables the client isolation and disables all peer-to-peer communication. Client isolation disables inter-client communication by allowing only client to gateway traffic from clients to flow in the network. All other traffic from the client that is not destined to the gateway or configured servers will not be forwarded by the AP. This feature enhances the security of the network and protects it from vulnerabilities. For more information, see Configuring Client Isolation.
Turn on the toggle switch to provide high network security by maintaining data confidentiality of management frames. For more information, see Configuring Management Frames Protection.
Turn on the toggle switch to enable the fine timing measurement (802.11mc) responder mode.
Turn on the toggle switch to enable the advertising of AP name.
Turn on the toggle switch to enable the PMK Pairwise Master Key. PMK is a shared secret key that is generated after PSK or 802.1X authentication. cache that deletes the PMK cache entries, thereby the users will not get different IP addresses as the authentication is skipped. The PMK cache stores the details of the connected clients for authenticating clients roaming between different APs. By default, the client details is stored for 8 hours after the client disconnects or gets timed out from the network. However, client details in the PMK cache can be deleted immediately after a client disconnects or gets timed out from the network.
Ensure that the NTP Network Time Protocol. NTP is a protocol for synchronizing the clocks of computers over a network. server connection is active.
Select a time range profile from thelist and apply a status form the drop-down list.
> , configure the following parameters:
- Click Next.